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Everything You Should Know About Cirrhosis and its Treatment

What is Cirrhosis of the liver?

Cirrhosis of the liver is a late-stage complication when the liver starts getting scarred. Seek the help of the best doctor for liver Cirrhosis in Mumbai, as scarred tissues replace the healthy liver tissues, and the liver gets damaged inalterably.

The scarred tissues lessen the liver’s functionality and stop processing hormones, nutrients, natural toxins, and drugs. It also decreases the liver’s ability to produce protein and other substances. In the later stages, Cirrhosis becomes life-threatening.

What are the functions of a healthy liver?

Our liver is located in the upper right-hand portion of the abdominal cavity, underneath the diaphragm, atop the stomach and right kidney. The normal function of the liver includes-

  • generating bile to help our body absorb cholesterol, dietary fats, vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • accumulates vitamins and sugar for future use
  • producing proteins that help in clotting blood
  • removing alcohol, bacteria, and toxins from the blood.

When the liver gets injured, it mends itself. But while repairing, it forms scar tissues. Excessive build-up of scar tissues obstructs the normal functionality of the liver.

Symptoms of Cirrhosis of the liver

In the beginning, you won’t get any visible symptoms of Cirrhosis. However, it becomes noticeable as the disease magnifies.

Consult your medical adviser in case you notice the symptoms mentioned below:

  • Exhaustion
  • Nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss and lack of appetite
  • Swelling in belly and legs
  • Bleeding and bruising
  • Confusion and lack of concentration
  • Irregular period

Sometimes changes in the skin are also visible-

  • Acute itching
  • Jaundice (yellow discoloration in the skin and the white portion of the eyes because of an excessive amount of bile pigment in the blood)

For men-

  • Decreased libido
  • Developing breast tissues
  • Shrinking testicles

In severe cases –

  • Terrible muscle cramp
  • Vomiting blood
  • Frequent fever
  • Brownish urine
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Weak bones
  • Abdominal swelling (ascites)
  • Swelling of the legs (edema)

What are the stages of Cirrhosis of the liver?

There are two stages-

  • Compensated cirrhosis
  • Decompensated cirrhosis

  • Compensated cirrhosis

The best doctor for liver Cirrhosis in Mumbai will tell you that the body does not show any disease symptoms. Scarring on the liver tissues will be there, but the other signs may not be visible.

  • Decompensated Cirrhosis

Decompensated Cirrhosis is a very serious liver condition. This is when ascites, edema, blood vomiting, weight loss, memory loss, and insomnia occur. In some cases, decompensated cirrhosis can be reversed back to compensated Cirrhosis if the reason for the Cirrhosis is checked.

Common causes of Cirrhosis

  • Excessive intake of alcohol
  • Hepatitis B, C, and D
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) 
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
  • Primary Biliary Cholangitis (damaged bile ducts)
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Wilson’s disease and Hemochromatosis

Tests to diagnose Cirrhosis

  • CBC (complete blood count)
  • LFT (liver function test)
  • Albumin test
  • Liver Cancer screening
  • Ultrasound scan of the liver
  • Upper endoscopy
  • CT scan of the abdomen
  • MRI of the abdomen
  • Liver biopsy

Treatment for Cirrhosis

  • Medications (Nitrates, beta-blockers, antibiotics)
  • Lifestyle changes (Low sodium, low-fat, alcohol-free diet, regular exercise)
  • Surgery (when treatments stop working, a liver transplant surgery is the only option)

Conclusion

To prevent visiting the best doctor for liver Cirrhosis in Mumbai, go for an alcohol-free, balanced diet. Stop consuming illegal and unprescribed drugs. Get screened for hepatitis in case you have a family history.

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