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How To Find the Symptoms and Causes of PCOS?

Women have long recorded PCOS symptoms, but a lot of light still needs to be shed on the disorder in order to improve patients’ quality of life. Because of the multiple effects PCOS has on the body and no specific cause to call it, patients and doctors around the world struggle to diagnose and treat it. Symptoms associated with PCOS can provide us with new clues that may change how we approach treatment and care. Although the exact causes of PCOS are unknown, these are some of the factors that can cause PCOS:

More testosterone and more insulin resistance:

Insulin resistance means that your body cannot send enough energy to your cells to function each day. As a result, your insulin level may increase so that your cells can receive more energy. High levels of hormones can have negative effects on other parts of your body, including your ovaries. As a result of this imbalance, a woman with PCOS may stop her ovaries from working, and the amount of male hormones (androgens) may increase in her body. Consequently, your ovaries won’t be able to ovulate properly based on their cycle.

A woman with PCOS often suffers from irregular periods and ovarian cysts as a result of these disturbances in the menstrual cycle. As a result of these imbalances, the body can be affected in different ways, for example when androgen levels rise, hormonal acne can develop and hirsutism can occur. Conversely, women with PCOS may experience dark skin patches and a stubborn weight gain due to insulin resistance. Without proper management, women with PCOS may experience multiple symptoms that worsen their quality of life.

The genetic cause:

Approximately 99% of your body’s structure and composition are determined by the genes you inherit from your parents. A family history of PCOS may increase your risk of developing it. It is also true for other metabolic abnormalities that your family might have the risk of developing.

The fact is, though, that PCOS is not caused by a single gene. Multiple genes are associated with PCOS, and abnormalities in these mechanisms can lead to the multiple symptoms we see in women with PCOS.

Role of lifestyle:

The relationship between whether being overweight increases your risk of developing PCOS or having PCOS causes weight gain is still not established. However, poor lifestyle habits such as eating processed or junk food, sedentary lifestyle, stressful life, bad sleeping habits can all contribute to weight gain, hormonal imbalance and even insulin resistance – which can in turn be one of the causes of PCOS.

Causes of PCOS are varied and can affect different women in a different manner. However, if you are aware of the symptoms in your body and spot a pattern, it is advised to get it checked immediately with your doctor. Some of the common symptoms of PCOS are:

  1. Irregular periods: Since PCOS affects your period cycle and ovulation, you may experience irregular or no periods. The lack of ovulation can prevent your endometrium from shedding and also make it difficult to conceive..
  2. Heavy bleeding: Due to delayed or lack of ovulation, the lining of your uterus might have built up and the periods you get later may be heavier than the normal flow.
  3. Excess hair growth: Many women with PCOS experience an accelerated growth of extra hair on their body, especially on their face, chest and back – due to the excess of male hormones in their body. This excess of hair growth is also known as hirsutism.
  4. Cystic acne: Elevated levels of androgens can affect your oil glands and increase oil secretions which can make the skin oilier than the usual. You may notice more acne on your face, especially around the chin, jawline, and upper neck.
  5. Weight gain: Many women with PCOS either struggle with weight gain or find it difficult to lose weight and this is mainly because of the underlying insulin resistance.
  6. Androgenic alopecia: Some women may experience scalp hair loss and receding front hairline due to elevated levels of androgen. This is called androgenic alopecia or female pattern hair loss.

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