Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are diseases caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever is a disease that can make you feel weak, have a fever, stomach pain and headaches. It can lead to complications like weakness, liver or spleen damage, intestinal perforation and pneumonia.
Typhoid fever is mainly spread in areas with poor sanitation while paratyphoid fever is mainly found in areas with poor hygiene and nutrition. Salmonella Typhi bacteria cause typhoid fever transmitted through faecal oral route. Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria cause paratyphoid fever transmitted peroral route. Typhoid causes flu-like symptoms and can be life threatening if not treated immediately.
Germs that can be spread to others are called “germs.” Most germs are spread through contact with dirt and chemicals in the environment and can live on many different substances for long periods of time. Germs known to spread disease are called bacteria or viruses, depending on the type. People infected with these germs can spread them to others. When it comes to the food we eat and drink, a clean kitchen and the people in charge of preparing the food are vital to ensure safety. Food safety begins with cleanliness. Whenever someone cooks for us or prepares our food, we expect them to keep the environment around us, as well as our food safe.
Travelers can get infectious diseases such as Salmonella, Shigella, and E. coli if they eat food or drink beverages that are contaminated with these bacteria. Some of these bacteria are usually found in the gut (intestines) of people and animals. They also may be found in water sources, food processing equipment, and contaminated raw foods.
Typhoid Fever, Paratyphoid Fever—Similar Infections Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are caused by bacteria and are spread from person to person. Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever can cause similar symptoms and signs, such as: A high fever of 103°F to 105°F (39°C to 40°C)
Who is at risk?
Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever symptoms usually begin suddenly within a week after exposure. However, symptoms can occur as long as one to two months after becoming infected. Fever, headache, muscle aches and pains, and loss of appetite are common symptoms. You may also have stomach pain, constipation or diarrhea, a general feeling of weakness (malaise), and a mild rash on your chest and abdomen.
Although travelers are usually symptoms of typhoid fever and dengue fever such as high fever, headache, and stomach pain, they may not seek medical care because they believe the illnesses are not serious or that the medications to treat these illnesses are too costly. The risk for travelers to get these illnesses can be reduced by protecting themselves from the bites of infected parasites through the use of mosquito repellents when outdoors and by avoiding ice made with untreated water or uncooked food or drinks.
Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are infectious diseases that are caused by bacteria called Salmonella enterica . The word enterica comes from the genus of the bacteria. A person usually develops typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever after being infected with the bacteria. Typhoid fever is also known as enteric fever, colonial fever, or Santiago fever. A person usually develops typhoid fever after a food or waterborne (contaminated) route of infection. Paratyphoid fever is also known as paracolon fever or abdominal colic.
What can travelers do to prevent typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever is caused by a bacterium called salmonella typhi. The most important thing you can do to protect yourself from typhoid fever is to practice good personal hygiene, including frequent handwashing. And wash your hands before eating or smoking, and after using the bathroom or changing a baby’s diaper. You can protect yourself further by getting vaccinated.
While there are medications like antibiotics and vaccines that can prevent paratyphoid fever, they aren’t effective in all cases. These options also don’t protect against any other types of food poisoning, potentially putting you at risk for further illnesses. Plus, antibiotics and vaccines may only be effective if given within a few days of ingesting contaminated food or water. Therefore, it’s very important that you also take the following steps to help reduce your risk of contracting paratyphoid fever.
How Is Typhoid Fever Treated?
Symptoms present one to three weeks after exposure and include fever, headache, myalgia, malaise, and abdominal pain; less frequently encountered features include vomiting and diarrhea. Most are children under five years of age or impoverished adults in South Asia, Asia, and Africa.
Typhoid fever is a severe systemic disease caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi. It usually presents with fever, headache, muscle ache, loss of appetite, malaise and abdominal pain followed by rose-coloured spots on the abdomen and liver dysfunction. The disease can last as long as a month before patients recover spontaneously or are cured through antibiotics.
Chronic bacteria gallbladder infection (chronic cholecystitis) is a condition in which there is a chronic bacterial infection of the gallbladder, with symptoms ranging from abdominal pain and nausea to chronic diarrhea. Acute cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that typically comes with severe pain, high fever, and other symptoms.