Internet of Things (or IoT) is a phrase that refers to objects identified uniquely and their online representations in a structure of the Internet. A friendly way of putting it is “when you can name it, you can find it.” But what happens when things start talking to each other? Welcome to the world of Smart Cities!
Smart Cities are in the future, but are they already here? Pilots and small-scale tests have occurred worldwide, but the much-promised breakthrough is still to come. The IoT has been making headlines for years now, and companies such as Cisco and IBM talk about it being a game-changer. The IoT is a reality that became possible thanks to the convergence of several technologies developing simultaneously. Smart cities are changing people’s daily activities. Internet packages have a central role in smart cities.
But what do we mean by smart cities? What is going to make our cities better places in which to live? Here are three primary reasons why we need them:
- 1. The Smart City is flexible
- 2. The Smart City is sustainable
- 3. The Smart City makes better use of its resources
IoT in smart cities is projected to grow from $32.8 billion in 2015 to $260 billion by 2025. The growth of this market by factors such as an increasing number of government programs and PPP initiatives for developing IoT smart city advanced services that enhance citizens’ daily lives.
For example, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) provides funding for organizations to create Smart City concepts and solutions.
The USDOT has also developed an open platform called the U.S. Smart City Challenge, which focuses on creating sustainable transportation systems. This platform aims to demonstrate the potential of IoT-enabled solutions in building smart cities. The rising adoption of connected solutions and intelligent technologies drives the market growth in this category.
The primary benefit of IoT usage in Smart cities is increased efficiency in energy consumption and resource management. This way, smart cities can run efficiently, improving citizens’ quality of life.
Examples of IoT In Smart Cities
Here are some examples that show how IoT can be used in the Smart City:
Water Leak Detection Systems
Sensors attached to water lines can detect leaks as they happen. As a result, it helps reduce water waste by enabling repairs before a major leak develops.
Wireless Sensor Networks
These networks allow monitoring and controlling city infrastructures such as bridges, buildings, or power lines.
Smart Street Lights
They use sensors that help to monitor air quality and traffic patterns. They also feature controllable light settings and dimming capabilities that reduce energy costs while maintaining light levels when necessary.
Smart Traffic Systems
Intelligent traffic systems use IoT to monitor traffic patterns, weather conditions, and incidents in real-time. This data can inform the public on current road conditions and happenings and provide agencies with a way to determine traffic flow.
An intelligent traffic control system uses sensors, cameras, and other data collection devices to monitor road conditions and traffic flow. The information is displayed in real-time on a dashboard or website for public view. These systems are also used to remotely manage traffic signal timing, reducing the number of times drivers have to wait at lights.
There are several types of traffic systems that can be made brighter. One type is for highways. Smart highway systems can include overpasses that make room for emergency vehicles or tollbooths that charge varying rates depending on traffic congestion or weather conditions. Another type is setting up a system to control the driven miles of each vehicle to encourage them to use public transportation more frequently. It can help reduce emissions from vehicles and also help balance the number of cars on the road at any given time by charging less during off-peak hours when fewer people are driving.
Smart Waste Management
Smart Waste Management is an intelligent waste management system that allows users to have real-time information about the amount of waste and its location. The system automatically collects container position, filling level, and weight data. Data collection transmits to a central unit via wireless radio frequency technology, sending the data through a GPRS modem to the control center. This system is helpful in any urban area and helps manage the city’s waste collection system more efficiently.
Wrap It Up
Smart cities are not just about technology but also about the people that inhabit them. Today’s technologies provide cities and their citizens with the tools to be more effective, efficient, and safe. Cities need to view themselves as ecosystems of service providers that can share data and information.
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