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Typhoid: How Long Does it Stay in the Body, Causes, and Symptoms

Typhoid is probably the most common enteric infection known to mankind. Approximately 11 to 21 million cases of typhoid fever are reported every year worldwide along with more than 200,000 deaths. At least 5 million cases of paratyphoid fever are reported each year; Southeast Asia has the highest number.

It shows numerous severe symptoms and, if left untreated, can turn out to be fatal. As typhoid is prevalent in India, it is essential to learn the reason for typhoid, its symptoms, and treatment. Let’s begin.

Causes of Typhoid

Caused due to the infection of Salmonella typhi bacteria, linked here typhoid fever remains a serious life threat. Even though it has become rare in developed countries, children in developing countries are still at risk.

This disease is contracted from contaminated water and food. It is sometimes cauhttps://famousnewsmag.com/sed by a patient infected with typhoid. It can sometimes become a severe and life-threatening infection, particularly in places where sanitation is poor. 

The bacterium which causes typhoid contaminates food, which, when consumed, results in food poisoning. After reaching the body, it multiplies rapidly and spreads everywhere through the bloodstream.

Some of the typhoid causes include:

  • Close contact with any patient suffering from typhoid
  • Travelling to endemic areas where typhoid fever is common
  • Associated with a profession where exposure to the bacterium is considerably higher, like working in laboratories and hospitals

Signs and Symptoms of Typhoid Fever

The enteric infection – typhoid fever, affects the intestine, which results in symptoms related to indigestion. The signs and symptoms of typhoid fever usually start gradually and persist over 10 to 14 days. After being exposed to the bacteria, typhoid illness can stay within the body for at least 3 to 4 weeks.

Other early signs and symptoms which indicate that a person has been infected with this health condition include:

  • Severe headache
  • Irregular fever at frequent intervals that can reach as high as 104.9˚ F
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea and constipation
  • A feeling of extreme weakness and tiredness
  • Anorexia or loss of appetite
  • Severe muscle pain

If typhoid fever is left untreated, it might last a month or more, resulting in severe conditions. This life-threatening fever might be caused by numerous other infections as well. So if you feel you have contracted the disease, don’t just sit idle and try to wish it away. Getting tested and following up with the required treatments is advisable. 

Symptoms: Distinctive Stages of Typhoid Fever

This enteric fever is very likely to leave people extremely fatigued. The recovery time cannot be accurately determined as it has distinctive stages which can last more than a week.

The First Stage

Here, patients usually experience some of the early symptoms of typhoid fever. They include indolence, dry cough, and headache. Besides, it might or might not be accompanied by fever, where the temperature is not much higher than usual.

The Second Stage

Patients usually run a high temperature in the second stage and experience stomach bloating. Here, hallucinations are the most common effects. Patients might end up feeling extremely agitated and lethargic in alternation.

The Third Stage

Here, things tend to become relatively more serious. Patients might sometimes experience severe intestinal perforation, thereby causing abdominal haemorrhage. Inflammation or encephalitis of the brain might also set in at times. Patients become inexplicably dehydrated, that significantly increases the delirium intensity. It becomes difficult for the patients to sit up alone or walk and stand around freely.

The Fourth Stage

The last and final stage is where patients experience incredibly high temperatures. Other health complications, including pneumonia, kidney failure, meningitis, or pancreas inflammation, are also noticed.

For some patients, typhoid-causing bacteria reside within the body longer than usual. Centres of Disease Control and Prevention state that at least 1% to 4% of patients continue excreting the Salmonella typhi virus. It can happen for as long as twelve months after being diagnosed with typhoid fever. So patients must rely on a long and robust course of antibiotics for complete recovery.

When is Typhoid Fever More Common?

The bacterium causing typhoid fever are all decked up in glee to contaminate exposed food and water. So even if you notice any minor symptoms, it is recommended to get yourself tested early. And if someone within your family suffers from typhoid, make sure you follow the requisite sanitation protocols.

To Conclude

Even if you are vaccinated against typhoid fever, you might end up contracting the disease in the worst-case scenario. Thus, getting proper treatment and maintaining adequate hygiene if and when infected with the bacterium is essential.

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