Buildup of waste in the blood (uremia) when the kidneys can no longer remove wastes and maintain the electrolyte balance. Uremia causes fatigue, weakness, drowsiness, and nausea. As the disease progresses, uremia can lead to seizures or coma. Acute kidney failure—when the kidneys suddenly cannot filter the blood—can also cause uremia. This is not the same as chronic kidney failure in which damaged kidneys slowly lose function over time.
Everybody has two kidneys. They are fist-sized organs shaped like beans located on the back wall of the lower abdomen, underneath the ribs, and above the waistline. The kidneys do three major things: they help the body produce red blood cells, regulate blood pressure and control water levels in the body.
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs situated just below the rib cage. They perform their vital role by filtering the blood and removing waste products, which are then excreted as urine. The kidneys also help control the body’s production of red blood cells and regulate levels of essential minerals and salts in the blood. Best fruit for dialysis patients : oranges, bananas, and kiwis.
Kidneys are bean-shaped organs made up of small filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron consists of a cluster of capillaries, known as a glomerulus, and a tubule. Kidney tissue consists of around one million nephrons, which filter out almost all the waste products in the blood through millions of filtering units called glomeruli, found inside the kidneys.
The kidneys, located in the retroperitoneal space, produce urine by filtering blood. Their other functions include homeostasis of the body water, electrolytes, and pH balance; and regulation of blood pressure (through maintaining salt and water balance). They are also responsible for excreting the by-products of metabolism as well as foreign chemicals and drugs.
Kidney disease is a progressive disease, which means that kidney function can continue to decline over time, eventually resulting in kidney failure. People who have kidney failure need dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. Dialysis replaces some functions of the kidneys by removing waste products and excess fluid from the blood. Dialysis cannot cure kidney failure but can stretch life indefinitely. A kidney transplant is currently the only cure for end-stage renal disease.
In a healthy liver, the blood flows into the liver cells and goes through two blood vessels before it returns to the heart. These blood vessels include: Hepatic artery. Brings oxygenated blood from the heart to your liver.
Though the exact causes of lupus are unknown, there does seem to be a familial component. For example, if one of your parents has lupus, you have an increased risk of developing the condition. People of Native American, African American, Asian, and Hispanic descent are also at increased risk.
Foods can affect the function of your kidneys. If you have kidney disease, your doctor may recommend limiting the amount of certain nutrients in your diet. Depending on the stage of kidney disease, these nutrients include protein, potassium and phosphorus.
Eating the right foods can help alleviate illness, prevent complications and provide you with even more energy. Our medical nutrition staff offers individualized menu planning to fit your tastes, lifestyle and your health needs. Learn about a healthy diet for kidney patients.
It may also be called end-stage kidney disease, or ESRD for short. In this stage, your kidneys can no longer work on their own. At this point, the kidneys have lost nearly 90% of their function and some type of renal replacement therapy (dialysis or transplant) is needed to stay alive.
The patient’s dietitian or primary care physician will provide them with instructions on their daily sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and fluid intake. The patient should eat a variety of fruits and vegetables but should limit or avoid foods high in potassium such as bananas, yams, couscous, and ice cream.